Poster 14: Anxiety and Depression Among Adult Patients with Diabetic Foot Ulcer Attending A Multidisciplinary Foot Clinic

Almaqhawi A1,2; Berrington R2; Kong MF2
1Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
 2Department of Diabetes, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, UK

Aim: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are linked to morbidity, decreased mobility, and feelings of isolation, powerlessness, and sadness. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms in adult patients with DFU.

Method: Patients with DFU attending our multidisciplinary diabetic foot clinic from February 14th to March 14th, 2022 were invited to complete a questionnaire which included socio-demographic questions, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scale to assess depression and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) to assess anxiety. For each scale, a cut-off total score of 10 was used to identify those who met the criteria for anxiety and depression.

Results: 60 patients completed the questionnaire. 83.25% of the participants reported their diabetes foot care had not been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. 25% reported moderate to severe anxiety symptoms, 10% reported mild anxiety symptoms while 65% reported no or minimal anxiety symptoms. Regarding depression, 30% reported moderate to severe depressive symptoms, 10% reported mild depressive symptoms, while 60% reported no or minimal depression (Figure 1). Patients with other co-morbidities were 3 times more likely to report depression compared to those without other co-morbidities (OR=3.2; 95% CI: 1.10-10.26). Patients younger than 50 years were nearly 9 times more likely to report anxiety compared to those aged 60 years or more (adjusted OR=8.9; 95% CI: 1.01-86.41) taking into account other variables.

Conclusion: The prevalence of depression and anxiety in this cohort of patients with DFU was low, but the severity was moderate to severe in those who were affected. Patients with other co-morbid conditions and those younger than 50 years have worse mental health status. This finding needs to be taken into account in the management of patients with DFU. Attempts to reduce anxiety and/or depression could improve the quality of life of DFU patients.

Clinical taxonomy: 
Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Resource taxonomy: 
Event resources

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