ABCD and Renal Association Clinical practice guidelines for management of hypertension and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade in adults with diabetic kidney disease (DKD)

2021 Update

This guidance is for a variety of clinicians who treat people with diabetic kidney disease, including primary care physicians and specialists in diabetes, cardiology and nephrology. It intends to harmonise practices of blood pressure monitoring, and pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of hypertension, which vary considerably in different settings.


Clinical taxonomy: 
Chronic kidney disease
Diabetic nephropathy
Treatments for diabetes
Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Endocrinology taxonomy: 
Endocrine hypertension
Resource taxonomy: 
Position Paper

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